Archive | Main Statutes

Even through the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights (African Charter) is the parent statute that is applicable in all of Africa, there are other statutes. For examples West Africa, Southern Africa and East Africa all have statutes that are only applicable in their specific geographical region. Together with the African Charter these statutes become the main statutes that are applicable on the African continent. Please find below a list of the main African statutes.

AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS

The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights was drafted in Banjul, The Gambia, from June 1980 to January 1981. During the 18th General Assembly meeting the Organization for African Unity (OAU), Heads of States approved the Charter in Nairobi, Kenya, and it entered into force in October 21st 1986. The purpose of enacting the […]

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AFRICAN CHARTER ON THE RIGHTS AND WELFARE OF THE CHILD

The African Charter on Rights and Welfare of The Child (ACRWC) was adopted in July 1990 during the 26th Assembly of Heads of State and Governments of the Organization of African Unity (now African Union) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Itentered into force on November 29th  1999. Article 32 of the ACRWC provides for the establishment […]

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ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES TREATY

The Economic Community of West African States Treaty was signed by 15 West African Heads of State on 28  May 1975 in Lagos, Nigeria. The 1991 ECOWAS Protocol led to the establishment of the ECOWAS Community Court of Justice. Yet, initially, the Court’s mandate did not cover human rights. However, by virtue of article 9(4) […]

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SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY TREATY

The Southern African Development Community Treaty came into existence by virtue of a declaration made by the Heads of State and government of Southern Africa, in Windhoek, Namibia in August of 1992. Articles 9 and 16 of the Treaty provide for the establishment of a Southern African Development Community Tribunal (SADC Tribunal) that aims to […]

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EAST AFRICA COMMUNITY TREATY

The East Africa Community Treaty was signed on 30 November 1999 in Arusha, Tanzania by the Heads of its five Member States – Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania – who are referred to in the Treaty as Partner States of the Community. Article 9 of the EAC Treaty provides for the establishment of an […]

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